Tactical Safety for Firefighters:Charge – Bleed – Attack

 

By Ray McCormack
UFMRobertMittsPhoto

These are the three last steps you take as an engine company on your way to fire extinguishment. That is the order – NOT attack, charge, bleed.

You charge your hoseline, you bleed the excess entrained air from the line and you attack the fire.

Charging the line is more than pulling a handle. It involves knowing what size line has been pulled and how much hose has been stretched and the type of nozzle being used. Those are the big numbers that the pump operator must calculate so that your hoseline has the correct pressure. Elevation and target flow requirements finish off the equation.

Bleeding a hoseline is a step you should take seriously. The amount of flow is measured at this step. Remember that this step should be a solo act as your backup may be busy finishing off the stretch and pulling a kink free while you're setting any pattern and noting the breakover point. This step also tells you that the many parts involved in giving you extinguishment power over the fire are present and provides the visual proof of your attack stream.

Attack is fire attack – the last of the three components and built upon Charge and Bleed. This is the moment of truth for all fire departments. Can you extinguish the fire? You may or may not be successful with the extinguishment; however, if you consistently take the time to build it correctly, you are on the right path. Many nozzle teams get the preparation wrong and are often lucky to get attack done, but for those that build a solid foundation, attack success will come more often. Attack doesn't vary much from the streets of New York to the suburbs of California. It is the determination and talent of that nozzle team that makes it happen. Preparation before push off is also a talent.

Not all firefighters are equal. Some rush the details and then shake their heads when it doesn't work out. When it's your turn, take the steps that lead to enhanced extinguishment capability and improved tactical safety.
Keep Fire in Your Life

Photo by Robert Mitts

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3 Comments

  • Ron Ayotte says:

    I can sum up a review of Ray's article in one word…

    Word.

  • Artie B says:

    The word bleed needs to be changed. Too many think it is just a matter of bleeding air instead of insuring a MAINTAINED flow of water. Too many times has a nozzleman done a quick bleed only to lose water the moment the door got popped. Maybe:
    CHARGE, FLOW, ATTACK

  • Ron Ayotte says:

    I can see Artie's point… maybe th3 sequence should be as follows

    Charge the linem=, bleed the air, flow the water then attack.

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Comments
Bill Carey
Of Falsehoods and Agendas
Editor's Note: Dave LeBlanc will replay to your comments soon, but he is currently recuperating from a surgery and is unable to type well at the moment. Thank you.
2015-02-27 22:26:19
Bob Davis
Of Falsehoods and Agendas
I am not sure how to take this article or some of the comments after. As one of the training officers in my mid-sized volunteer department, I have gone through SLICERS and RECEO-VS both the discussions and the science behind them. While I can't say I have seen everything about this, all I have ever…
2015-02-27 19:31:32
THE TRUTH OF SLICE-RS – NO AGENDAS OR FALSEHOODS HERE | Modern Fire Behavior
Of Falsehoods and Agendas
[…] - See more at: http://www.backstepfirefighter.com/2015/02/26/of-falsehoods-and-agendas/#sthash.129hX0zu.dpuf […]
2015-02-27 15:24:44
Steve Pegram
Of Falsehoods and Agendas
I am guessing when you say "Eddie" your talking about Chief Eddie Buchanan? who along with the members of his fire department came up with the original SLICE RS concept, however what Chief Buchanan has said about the topic was never hit it hard from the yard, he actually dislikes that term and has addressed…
2015-02-27 02:49:01
John
Of Falsehoods and Agendas
To me the new information is another tool in our toolbox. Those saying "all or nothing" are not using the information correctly. Is it all "new information"? Definitely not, but much of it is presented in a new way that can help us be safer as we take the risks we have "signed on" for.…
2015-02-27 02:21:36
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