The Truth Hurts, So Learn From It

Two Ohio LODDs revealed some deficiencies that every department faces. Even yours.


Three years ago, 4 April, Colerain Township lost two firefighters in an early morning residential structure fire. Captain Robin M. Broxterman and Firefighter Brian W. Schira were killed when a section of floor collapsed trapping them in the basement. Both NIOSH and Colerain Township conducted investigations into this fire, links to both can be found in the Colerain Township Report and the NIOSH report.


Side ALPHA of 5708 Squirrelsnest LN.

The NIOSH reports as a whole contain a tremendous amount of information. One complaint with these reports is that they tend to be too vanilla or too general. Many departments do their own investigation, and maybe because it is okay to criticize within the fold, these reports tend to be a bit more specific and direct in their findings. The Colerain Township Report lives up to that reputation.

The following is an excerpt from the Executive Summary:

The following factors were believed to have directly contributed to the deaths of Captain Broxterman and Firefighter Schira:
• A delayed arrival at the incident scene that allowed the fire to progress significantly;
• A failure to adhere to fundamental firefighting practices; and
• A failure to abide by fundamental firefighter self-rescue and survival concepts.

Although the aforementioned factors were believed to have directly contributed to their deaths, they might have been prevented if:
• Some personnel had not been complacent or apathetic in their initial approach to this incident;
• Some personnel were in a proper state of mind that made them more observant of their surroundings and indicators;
• The initial responding units were provided with all pertinent information in a timely manner relative to the incident;
• Personnel assigned to Engine 102 possessed a comprehensive knowledge of their first-due response area;
• A 360-degree size-up of the building accompanied by a risk – benefit analysis was conducted by the company officer prior to initiating interior fire suppression operations;
• Comprehensive standard operating guidelines specifically related to structural firefighting existed within the department;
• The communications system users (on-scene firefighters and those monitoring the incident) weren’t all vying for limited radio air time;
• The communications equipment and accessories utilized were more appropriate for the firefighting environment;
• Certain tactical-level decisions and actions were based on the specific conditions;
• Personnel had initiated fundamental measures to engage in if they were to become disoriented or trapped inside a burning building; and
• Issued personal protective equipment was utilized in the correct manner.


View of basement stairway from the basement level with hose line deployed over finished top board of stairway wall enclosure.

The fire that claimed the lives of these firefighters is like many fires that occur daily throughout the country. So often the difference between coming home and not coming home, is luck. Certainly there are always things we could do better, but often we “get away” with doing things wrong for so long that we accept that way of operating. Then along comes that one incident where if we are not 100% ready, well things going wrong and quickly.

The reason that NIOSH and departments investigate line of duty deaths is so that they can identify what went wrong and then fix those problems to prevent them from happening again. The reason these reports are shared with all of us is so that we can learn as well. There is no reason for us not to read and learn from these reports. Certainly not all fire departments are created equal and some of the lessons may not be applicable to your department; however there are a lot of lessons that are and if you are unwilling or unable to learn from someone else’s mistakes, then you are doomed to make those same mistakes yourself.

With this the third anniversary of the deaths of Captain Robin M. Broxterman and Firefighter Brian W. Schira, take the time to honor their memories by reading the Colerain Township final report and learning from the problems that were identified there. You owe that much to Robin and Brian.

References
Investigation Analysis of the Squirrelsnest Lane Firefighter Line of Duty Deaths Colerain Township Department of Fire and Emergency Medical Services
A Career Captain and a Part-time Fire Fighter Die in a Residential Floor Collapse—Ohio, NIOSH

Photographs courtesy Colerain Township Department of Fire and Emergency Medical Services.



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2 Comments

  • Steve says:

    I have read this entire Report. Very interesting stuff to say the least.. I see several errors that are discovered and pointed out. Equipment inspections that were done.. But,
    The one thing i noticed in the report that was not looked at ( or at least commented about) Is the fact that this crew was in an older Back up engine while their newer engine was out of service.
    This came to mind several times while I was reading the report.
    3 times the inside crew requested water and it was not delivered. Even to the point of Command asking the FAO if he was holding back on water because of the hydrant hook up.
    My Question that was not answered in this report was. Did the FAO have a full understanding of the operation of the older Engines pump system? was the delay in water delivery because he had missed a step in the pump engagement or valve that needed to be opened? Newer equipment pumps are pretty automatic with the electronic controls when compared to the older equipment that needs many more steps to have the pump actually pump water.
    I am not throwing any blame on the FAO…. Just curious why this was not mentioned in the investigation. It is such a deep and complete investigation. I was surprised that their is no comments at all on operator pump knowledge considering the delay.

  • Although the aforementioned factors were believed to have directly contributed to their deaths, they might have been prevented if:
    A 360-degree size-up of the building accompanied by a risk – benefit analysis was conducted by the company officer prior to initiating interior fire suppression operations.
    A good question can be extracted from the previous statement from this NIOSH report. At what point were interior fire suppression operations initiated? There was entry, the fire was located but suppression operations were never initiated. You can not have suppression without water.

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Comments
Ron Ayotte
What is Experience?
Excelent post. Evey day of duty and every run should be a learning experience. Far too many firefighters just look at the duty tour and incident as what I like to call "the shampoo mode"... wet hair, apply shapoo, lather, rinse and repeat".. Our version is put on the gear, get on the truck, go…
2014-10-31 14:23:15
Bill Carey
What is Experience?
You're correct Ed. What did we do with that experience? Did we take as many lessons from it as we could or did we simply file it away as a run in the logbook. Thank you, Bill
2014-10-30 12:55:18
Ed
What is Experience?
Excellent post. The same question may be framed for other than working on the nozzle (e.g., if delivering pump operator training). In addition, even if you went to a lot of fires on the nozzle or as the first in company officer, what did you do with that experience? Reflection and integration of the experience…
2014-10-30 12:37:50
Bill Carey
Wanted: Honest Discernment in Our Fire Service Discussions
Thank you Ed.
2014-10-22 14:26:50
Ed Hartin
Wanted: Honest Discernment in Our Fire Service Discussions
Excellent article Bill!
2014-10-14 12:47:14
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